Shri Mahaveer Swami
|Birth Place :||Ksatriya Kund (Purva)|
|Birth Date (or) Tithi :||Chaitra Sudi 13|
|Mothers Name :||Trishladevi|
|Nirvana Dham (or) Place:||Pavapuri|
|Nirvana Date (or) Tithi :||Kartik Vadi Amavasya|
credited as the founder of the Jain religion (6th century BCE), was actually the
last in a line of 24 Tirthankar's according to the Jains. Tirthankar's are
perfectly enlightened teachers who have, each in turn, brought the Jain religion
to humans. Only Mahaveer and Parshva (8th century BCE) can be historically
verified and given the fantastic dates assigned to some of the older Tirthankar's
, they may be safely assumed to be symbolic, or at least, incorrectly dated.
Legend has it that Mahaveer was born in the year 599, but comparison with contemporary sources seem to indicate a birth around 560 to be far more likely. He was originally conceived by the Brahman Devananda, who had 14 prophetic dreams, but was then mystically transported into the Ksatriya Trishala by Indira and other gods because all other Tirthankar 's were born in rich clan and Indira thought how can such a great person be born in poor Brahmans family . After Mahaveer was transported into Trishala ' s womb , she also experienced the 14 visions and raised him after she gave him birth. Those 14 dreams are :
1. An Elephant
2. A Bull
3. A Lion
4. The anointment of Goddess Sri
5. A Garland
6. The Moon
7. The Sun
8. A flag
9. An Urn
10. A Lotus-Pond
11. The Sea
12. A Vimana
13. A Heap of Jewels
14. A Fire
For Pictures of 14 dreams Click Here
He was named Vardhamana because when he was in Trishla womb thier kingdom cherished in all ways so he was vardhamana meaning Increasing one. Raised into a noble family under the name Vardhamana, he was renamed Mahaveer by gods because he demonstrated great courage and endurance with penance. At the age of 30, he gave up worldly possessions and began his search for enlightenment. During the first twelve years, he practiced the arts of silence and meditation, doing his utmost to avoid harming any living creature, be it plant, animal or human. He suffered from many travails and abuses, but eventually in the thirteenth year, he attained perfect knowledge and perception.
When he attained to perfection, he began his missionary work. Walking barefoot throughout India, Mahaveer spent the next thirty years teaching his ascetic lifestyle. He spoke with, and converted people of all walks of life, be they beggars or kings. His teachings held no regard for societal class-all people are alike in Jainism. To those willing to listen, he taught the values of non-injury, truthfulness, non-stealing, chastity, and non-attachment. Through these virtues, one could obtain moksha, freedom from the cycle of birth-life-pain-death.
At the age of 72, Mahaveer died. The religion he "founded" has continued to this day and played a vital role in the development of Indian history. Today, Jains make up only about .5% of the Indian population, but they have held positions of influence and authority over the several thousand years since Mahaveer 's death and have made an enormous contribution to Indian culture.
Bhagavan Mahaveer's Chaturmas places list
The Teachings of Lord Mahaveer:
soul is independent. None
depends on another.
souls are alike. None is
superior or inferior.
soul is in itself absolutely omniscient and blissful.
The bliss does not come from outside.
human beings are miserable due to their own faults, and they themselves can
be happy by correcting these faults.
greatest mistake of a soul is non recognition of its real self and can only
be corrected by recognizing itself.
is no separate existence of God. Everybody
can attain Godhood by making supreme efforts in the right direction.
thyself, recognize thyself, be immersed in thyself you will attain
is neither the creator nor the destructor of the universe. He is merely a
silent observer and omniscient.
who, even after knowing the whole universe, can remain unaffected and
unattached is God.
with yourself, why fight with external foes?
He who conquers himself through himself, will obtain happiness.
beings hate pain, therefore one should not hurt kill them. Ahimsa (non
violence) is the highest religion.
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